In technical terminology, rosacea is a chronic condition characterized by follicular and vascular dilation, usually on the cheeks and nose. It can progress to the skin on the chest, or lead to ocular rosacea, affecting the eyes. The exact causes are not yet known, but are believed to be a combination of issues including atypical inflammatory response, skin bacteria, sun damage, microscopic mites, irritation of hair follicles, and stress – all related to augmented blood flow. It is not contagious, but there is evidence that heredity plays a role, and ethnicity is definitely a factor, as rosacea is most common among those of Irish and English descent.
Flare-ups are usually triggered by activities that result in increased blood flow caused by:
- Hot baths or showers
- Sun exposure
- Emotional stress or blushing
- Exposure to very hot or cold weather and wind
- Intense exercise
- Hot beverages, caffeine, alcohol, and spicy foods
The anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties of oral antibiotics can calm more severe cases of “acne rosacea” or ocular involvement. Our board certified dermatologists use state-of-the-art laser and light therapies for rosacea patients to reduce redness and visible blood vessels.
If you have rosacea, be assured that you aren’t alone. Schedule a consultation today to talk with one of our doctors about a treatment plan to manage it effectively.